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Birds, Mammals, and Amphibians of Latin America.
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Using InfoNatura

        Recommended System Configuration
        Search Tips
        Results & Reporting
   Setting User Preferences



Recommended System Configuration

Please follow these guidelines for the best performance of InfoNatura:

Browser
Use Internet Explorer 4.0 or Netscape 4.06 or newer browsers.
Javascript 1.2 is required to run data searches.

Cookies
Cookies are required in order for InfoNatura to execute data searches. Edit your browser preferences so that your system will accept cookies.

Screen Resolution
InfoNatura is designed to work best at a screen resolution of at least 800 x 600 pixels. You may want to maximize your window for ease of reading search results and detailed reports on the records you select.



Search tips

Here are some tips to help you get more precise results in InfoNatura.

All species are listed by their scientific and English common names. You can use part of a scientific name or part of an English common name, but you cannot use a combination of parts of the scientific and common name in the same search.

Example:

To search for Galictis cuja (Lesser Grison)

Correct search terms

Incorrect search terms

  • grison (common)
  • * grison (common)
  • cuja (scientific)
  • Galictis* (scientific)
  • Galic* cuja (scientific)
  • Galic* c* (scientific)
  • Lesser cuja
  • Galictis lesser grison
  • Galictis grison
  • Gali* gri*

(All use parts of both scientific and common names.)

Note: These are only samples of correct searches.

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Ignore punctuation

Punctuation for names of birds, mammals, and amphibians can affect your search results. If you want to find all variations of punctuation with your term in the data, check the ignore punctuation box. If you want to find only the punctuation you use in your term, uncheck the ignore punctuation box.

Example for a search using water:

Ignore punctuation WITH a check:

  • Water Opossum
  • Black-backed Water-Tyrant
  • Drab Water-Tyrant
  • Underwood's Water Mouse
  • Scaly-footed Water Rat
  • Any record that includes the phrase : water

Ignore punctuation WITHOUT a check will find only the following from the above list :

  • Water Opossum
  • Underwood's Water Mouse
  • Scaly-footed Water Rat
  • Any record that has water as a whole word, without hyphens, slashes, or other punctuation.
Wildcards

If you do not know an element's full name or correct spelling, type the part of the name you do know and an asterisk ( * ). The asterisk will hold the place of an undetermined number of spaces. Changing the asterisk's place will change your results. You can also use a wildcard alone in a search.

Examples:

  • owren will find no records
  • *owren under Name will retrieve Spotted Bamboowren.
  • o*wren will retrieve Ornate Antwren, Orange-bellied Antwren, and Ochraceous Wren.
  • o*w*n will retrieve Opal-crowned Manakin and Orange-fronted Plushcrown in addition to the species retrieved for o*wren.

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AND/OR

Example for Name searches:

When you use more than one word for a Name, or when you choose more than one selection in the Location or Status tabs, you will need to choose between AND and OR. Each choice will return different results. AND means that a record must include all selected choices to be a part of the search results, but OR means that a record must include at least one of the choices but may include any of them.

AND/OR for Name searches:

AND is the default. For example:

  • dwarf marmoset will find one record for a mammal with this common name: Mico humilis , or Black-crowned Dwarf Marmoset.
  • dwarf OR marmoset will find birds, mammals, and amphibians that have dwarf or marmoset in their common name, which will include several records, such Tyranneutes stolzmanni, or Dwarf Tyrant-Manakin , and Coendou insidiosus , or Bahia Hairy Dwarf Porcupine.
  • AND/OR for Location searches:

OR is the default. For example:

  • Argentina AND the Falkland Islands will find records for species that occur only in BOTH locations.
  • Argentina OR the Falkland Islands find records for species that occur in either Argentina or the Falkland Islands or both.

AND/OR for Conservation Status searches:

Status searches can be tricky. Each individual species can have only one rank within a status category: NatureServe Status (G-rank), IUCN, and CITES. A search for more than one status within a category will find any record that has one of the chosen statuses.

AND across categories:

Searching for species with a NatureServe status AND an ICUN status AND a CITES status will find only those records for species that have the chosen status in all three categories.

For example, a search for G1 AND CR AND Appendix I will find only those records for species that have ALL THREE statuses. It will not find those with a status only of G1, CR, or Appendix I. Nor will it find those with only two of the statuses: G1 and CR but not Appendix I, etc.

OR across categories:

Searching for species with a NatureServe status OR an ICUN status OR a CITES status will find those records for species that have at least one of the chosen statuses.

Note: A search using AND across categories will find fewer records than one using OR across categories. Also, a two-part search that includes statuses in two or more categories as well as two or more within a category will find those records that have at least one of the chosen status in each category.

For example, a search for species using G1 OR G2 AND CR AND Appendix I OR Appendix II will find only those records that have one of the following combinations of statuses:

  1. G1 AND CR AND Appendix I
  2. G1 AND CR AND Appendix II
  3. G2 AND CR AND Appendix I
  4. G2 AND CR AND Appendix II

Viewing and Changing Search Criteria

As you add search criteria, the critera will be listed at the end of the table. Criteria will also appear in your browser as InfoNatura conducts the search. They will always appear at the end of the results page .

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Viewing your criteria

To view your criteria,

  • As you build a search, click Check Criteria.
  • On the results page, click criteria in the table header or scroll to the bottom.

Changing your criteria

If you want to change the search criteria after you view the results, you can start with a new search or modify the previous one.

From the results page,

  • Click New Search to create a new search starting with a search page.
  • C lick Change Criteria to return to the previous page with your search criteria still in place. Then, edit criteria as needed.

Searching for Bird, Mammal, and Amphibian Records

Search for a single animal by any combination of Name, Taxonomy, Location, or Status.

Beginning a search

  1. From the home page, click Search InfoNatura.
  2. From here, scroll to Name, Taxonomy, Location, or Global Conservation Status. (You can search by one or any combination of these in any order.)

Searching by name

  1. Under Name, type the scientific or English common name of a bird, mammal, or amphibian.
  2. Click
    • Scientific for only scientific names
    • Common for only English common names
    • Either for either scientific OR English common names.
  3. Click Search Now to retrieve all records that match the criteria, or add other criteria.
  4. View the results.
Tips for name searches:

Searching by Taxonomy

Search for an animal group, such as birds or Aves, even if you do not know a full name. Start a name search at the highest group, or jump down through several subgroups.

Tips for Searching by Taxonomic Name:

  • Red indicates the active group or subgroup where your search will begin.
  • You can only search for species in one active group and its subgroups. For example, you cannot search for a bird and a mammal at the same time. All birds are in Aves , all mammals are in Mammalia, and all amphibians are in Amphibia.
  • with a name means that subgroups exist below. Click it to expand your view to the next subgroups.
  • with a name means that you have reached the last subgroup. to collapse, or close, the subgroup.

Searching From the Top

  1. Under Name, type a name if you want to search for particular animals within a group.
  2. Scroll or click to Taxonomy.
  3. Click the down arrow next to Phylum: Craniata (Aves, Mammalia & Amphibia) to show subsequent groups.
  4. Click the selection you want in each subgroup until you reach the group or species that you want to retrieve.
  5. Click Search Now to retrieve all records that match your criteria.
  6. View the results.

Note: You can search by class only or you can choose taxonomic order, family and scientific name. The lower you go in the taxonomy, the fewer species you will retrieve.

Searching for Subgroups

  1. Under Name, type a name if you want to search for particular animals within a group.
  2. Scroll or click to Taxonomy.
  3. Type the name of the group you want in the box next to Find Group Below.
  4. Click the selection you want in each subgroup until you reach the one that you want to retrieve.
  5. Click Search Now to retrieve all the records that match your criteria.
  6. View the results.

Searching by Location

  1. Under Location, click each country and political entity where you want to search for birds, mammals, or amphibians.
  2. Click Search Now to retrieve all species recorded in those locations.
  3. View the results.

Note: If you choose more than one location, you will need to choose between AND/OR.

Searching by Status

  1. Under Global Conservation Status, click NatureServe Status, IUCN Status, or CITES Status.
  2. Choose the statuses that you want to include in your search.
  3. Click Search Now to retrieve all records that match your criteria.
  4. View the results.

Note: The default within each category is OR. If you choose more than one status in any one category (for example, Appendix I and Appendix II within CITES), the search will find ANY record having ANY of the statuses you have chosen within that category.

  Correct :

  Incorrect:


  • G1 (NatureServe) AND CR OR EN(ICUN)
  • G1 (NatureServe) OR CR (ICUN) OR Appendix II (CITES)
  • G1 (NatureServe) OR CR AND EN (ICUN)
  • Appendix I AND Appendix II (CITES)

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Understanding the Results

Viewing search results

Go to the top of the table to find a results summary:

  • Total number of retrieved records
  • Number of retrieved records shown on the page

Go to the end of the table to review the search criteria for these records.

The search results show:

Browse
(Unique ID)

indicates whether the record has been selected and provides the Natural Heritage Network ID for the plant or animal. When the results first appear, all records will have a check in this column. To shorten your list of records, click Deselect All at the top or bottom of the table. Then, click each record you want to keep, and click Show Selected Only to create a list of records with only those you chose from the original results.

Common Name
Scientific Name

lists the common and scientific names for the species. Click the scientific name to view a report about the species, including a distribution map of countries where the species has been reported.

Status

lists the species' conservation status as designated by NatureServe,the World Conservation Union (IUCN), or Convention on International Trade in Endangerment of Species (CITES).

Distribution

lists Latin American countries where the species has been reported.


Printing reports

You can print each report as you would any other web page from your browser. You may need to change your print set-up in order to capture the whole screen as viewed in a printed page. If the right edge of a page is cut off by printing, try decreasing the margin width, printing in landscape orientation, or reducing the scale of the page printed.


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Setting user preferences

You can set the number of records that will appear on each results page. From any InfoNatura search page click on User preferences. These must be set on a search page.

  • Choose a number of records to display on a single page.

Searches using settings with fewer records and columns may be completed faster and the results will be easier for the browser to handle as you review them.

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