Name: Buteo jamaicensis
Authority: (Gmelin, 1788)
English Common Name: Red-tailed Hawk
Spanish Common Name(s): Aguililla Cola Roja
Portuguese Common Name(s): None Known
Taxonomic Comments: Includes B. harlani, formerly regarded as a separate species (AOU 1998). See Mindell (1983) for information on the taxonomic status of harlani.
The phylogenetic status of the nominal subspecies needs to be evaluated with genetic techniques; do the geographic color variations represent distinct evolutionary lineages?
Global Conservation Status
IUCN Red List Category:
LC - Least concern
Wide variety of open woodland and open country with scattered trees, rarely in denser forest (AOU 1983), but nests in forest and takes prey from forest canopy in Puerto Rico (Recher and Recher 1966, Santana 1988). Elevated perches are important element of habitat.
Nests in trees to 37 m above ground, frequently high in tallest tree near edge of woods; also, in treeless country, in top of shrub, cactus, or on cliff. Often returns to same nesting area in successive years.
Distribution Status in Latin America
||Barbados, Bahamas, Belize, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Honduras, Haiti, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Montserrat, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, El Salvador, Turks and Caicos Islands, Venezuela, Virgin Islands, British, Virgin Islands, U.S.
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